My Reality: My Narrative


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A narrative provides guidelines for human action (Arnett, Bell, & Fritz, 2009, p. 37). Communication Ethics Literacy (2009) also states that humans are essentially storytellers (Arnett, Bell, & Fritz, p. 38). My reality is my narrative….let me explain!

Since I am an African American young lady, people automatically think I must fear police officers. WHY…you asked? Because America makes cops out to be the bad guys. Multiple views of oughtness guide multiple understandings of the good, resulting in a multiplicity of communication ethic (Arnett, Bell, & Fritz, 2009, p. 38). Therefore, don’t get me wrong, I don’t think cops are angels, however, I don’t think all of them are bad neither. I do feel sympathy for the families of Walter Scott, who was gunned down for running and Trayvon Martin, who was an innocent kid walking home with a pack of skittles and an Arizona tea. We in the African American community can’t let those shooting between African American males and police officers guide our thoughts for how we believe all officers are.

Since our communication ethics action comes from an understanding of the good, it is persuasive (Arnett, Bell, & Fritz, 2009, p. 40). That’s why I take time to explain to others in the African American community that we have to find the good in every situation. For every time a cop is killing someone, there is another cop helping someone. No, the good doesn’t replace the bad, but it helps. I can honestly make that statement from my personal experience. My uncle Danny is one of the best officers I know. When someone needs help, he’s willing to go up and beyond for that individual. So no, I can not say each and every cop is bad.


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A narrative serves to protect and promote a given sense of good (Arnett, Bell, & Fritz, 2009, p. 38). Overall, I feel I am protecting the good of not all cops are bad. As a African American woman, I wake up in the morning, I get dressed, and I leave for work not fearing that I will be injured or killed by a cop. That’s my reality…that’s my narrative.

Works Cited

Arnett, R., Bell, L., & Fritz, J. (2009). Communication Ethics Literacy (10th ed.). SAGE Publications, Inc. (ISBN-13: 978-1412942140).

My Life: The Good

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The textbook, Communication ethic Literacy (2009) says the good is the valued center of a given communication ethics (Arnett, Bell, & Fritz, p. 3).Every communication ethics carries or reflects two sorts of related goods. One being a substantive good that wants to protect or promote. And the other being a set of communication practices that assures active  protection and promotion of a given good (Arnett, Bell & Fritz, 2009, p. 4).

At this time in my life, my good is within dialogic communication ethics. Which required me to learn about the goods of self and others that myself and others seek to protect and promote.

To further explain, the summer between my freshman year and sophomore year of college, my maternal grandparents passed away due to cancer. It was definitely a shock and a very life changing moment for me. I literally spent majority of my sophomore year crying in my dorm room because I couldn’t bare the thoughts of not having my grandparents around.

After finally accepting their deaths, my good became donating to the American Cancer Society. I figured by me donating, I could at least contribute to finding a cure for cancer. Finding a cure for cancer could help save lives and prevent others from going through the crucial pain I went through. My related good is knowing I am helping people.

While good for me is orchestrating multiple fundraisers for the American Cancer Society, others may find their good is donating money at fast food restaurants when the restaurants claim they’re going to donate the money to research for finding a cure for cancer.

It never sat well with me when I would go into a restaurant and I would see, “For every large beverage you purchase (which cost $2), we’ll donate $.50 to finding a cure for cancer.” My first thoughts were “Why not donate the whole two dollars to finding a cure?”. In my opinion, restaurants were taking advantage of people’s good. Then I had to put my opinion to the side and really think:

  1. Say something and expose the restaurants for trying to gain revenue by using a sensitive, personal topic such as cancer.


 2. Realizing my good is not everyone’s good. Even if someone does purchase a $2 beverage, at least $.50 is going to research for cancer. Which contributes to my goal.

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Overall, I came to the relaxation that good is determined by the individual or organization. There is no right or wrong when it comes to someone’s goods.

Communication Fluency Course Reflection


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Eight weeks ago, I began my first graduate course. The first week of class was very overwhelming. Thoughts filled my head,  such as “How am going handle my first graduate course and a job at the same time?” “What should I expect when it comes to graduate work?” “How is graduate work different from undergraduate work?” Luckily by the third week of class, I had all of the answers to my questions. And I was able to handle working my job while submitting my graduate assignments in time.

I really enjoyed Communication Fluency. One of my assignments in my Communication Fluency course was completing an inquiry project. The inquiry project included picking a movie, and discussing how it ties into Kenneth Burke’s equipment for living. Of course I picked one of my favorite movies, Black or White.

While conducting research on how the movie, Black or White provides equipment for living, I learned more on how to conduct my own research. Even though my project taught me a lot, my classmates projects taught me a lot as well. After reviewing all of my classmates digital presentations, I learned how to better incorporate my thesis and literature review together. I also learned how to give key points and key words for presentations.

Overall, I loved doing the digital platforms for this course. The digital platforms gave me a chance to express my personality, all while learning. The course was very helpful and it will be a memorable, enjoyable first graduate course.


Dekira Hemingway


Seven Traditions

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When you think about traditions, I am pretty sure you think about holiday traditions. Thanksgiving when your mom is baking the turkey, while your dad is watching football…or Christmas mornings when everyone is opening gifts. But I’m not talking about holiday traditions. I am talking about Communication theorist Robert Craig’s seven traditions.

Craig divides the world of communication theory into seven traditions (Littlejohn & Foss, 2011, p. 44): 1. the semiotic; 2. the phenomenological; 3. the cybernetic; 4. the sociopsychological; 5. the sociocultural; 6. the critical; and 7. the rhetorical.

While I could discuss each and every tradition (it’ll take some time), I’ll stick to discussing the tradition that makes the most sense to me. As well as the tradition that I understand the best.


The cybernetic tradition. Cybernetics is the tradition of complex systems in which interacting elements influence one another (Littlejohn & Foss, 2011, p. 49). When I think about the cybernetic tradition, I think about my parents and grandparents. My father informed me that while he was growing up, my grandmother, his mother did not kiss him or give him hugs after he became a certain age. Therefore, when he became old enough to have his own children, he tended to not show his affection by giving hugs and/or kisses. However, my mother is the complete opposite of my father. Even at twenty-two years old, I am able to walk into a room and plant a big kiss on my mother’s cheek. My mom grew up with affection being shown by kisses and hugs. What I just informed you all of could be the system that forms the core of cybernetic thinking.  The patterns of my grandparents behavior transported to my parents, while my mother’s behavior transported to me.


The phenomenological tradition. Oprah Winfrey’s quote “I was raised to believe that excellence is the best deterrent to racism or sexism. And that’s how I operate my life” is a prime example of what the phenomenological tradition is. Phenomenology is the way in which human beings come to understand the worlds through direct experience (Littlejohn & Foss, 2011, p. 47). Someone may have been raised in a certain manner, but how they were raised does not go into effect until they test their own perception about it. For example, growing up, I was always told that education was important. As a kid, waking up at six am to catch a school bus by seven, education was not too important. Even when I complained about going to school, my mom still continued to informed me on the importance of education. When I became old enough to get a job, I realized just how important education was. Without a certain level of education, I wouldn’t have the job I have now. My mom introduced the idea that education was important and I later had direct experience on understanding that information.


All of Craig’s traditions are beneficial. However, the traditions that make the most sense and I understand the best are the cybernetic and phenomenological tradition.


Littlejohn, S. & Foss, K. (2011). Theories of Human Communication (10th ed.). Long Grove,  IL: Waveland Press. (ISBN-13:978-1577667063).